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  Many people are faced with anxiety and depression. Depression could be mild or chronic. Feelings of overwhelming sadness, worthlessness, extreme fatigue, and constant suicidal thoughts are red flags or symptoms of depression. According to World Health Organization, 3.9% of the nation’s population suffer from depression, making it an estimate of 7 million people. There are several causes of depression, which include: Abuse (emotional, physical, sexual and psychological), Gender (studies shows that women are twice likely to suffer from depression than men due to hormonal changes that occur in the lifetime), Conflict (resulting from family, state and nationwide instability), Age (especially among elderly people or retirees who are out of active service and are constantly lonely or lack social support), Serious illness (especially illnesses that are difficult to treat or defies medication), Genes (studies shows that sufferers are likely come from families with long history of depression, which are traceable to their genetic makeup. According to scientists, this argument remains complex), A major event (job/business loss, financial depression, post-university period and the anxiety that follows for many, retirement and getting divorced), Substance Abuse (30% of sufferers engage in substance abuse. The use of substance offers temporal pleasures but leaves the abuser far worst-off afterwards).
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In this article, we shall examine how to handle depression.

1. Seek professional help

When faced with bouts of depression, it is advisable to seek professional help. Professionals could be your doctor who will prescribe possible treatments for your mental health. Depending on the severity of the depression – chronic or mild – you might need medication and psychotherapy. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), atypical antipsychotics are the foremost medications for depression. Milder forms of depression will need the help of a psychotherapist who take you through identifying and eliminating the negative thoughts that trigger depression through several techniques like cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), psychodynamic therapy, and interpersonal therapy.

2. Fill your schedule with events and activities you love

Avoid staying indoors or living in isolation often. Rather fill your schedule with exciting events and activities such as exercising regularly, hanging out with friends that bring you happiness, get new interests and hobbies, like learning new languages or writing a story, engaging yourself in outdoor activities such as going out for morning sun, sports, joining a meditation class or belong to a reading club.

3. Avoid Triggers.

In overcoming depression you must avoid events that trigger it. This could take several forms such as ending toxic relationships, moving away from locations that bring sad memories, putting away drugs and substances, quitting a mentally taxing job or career and switching to doing what you love.
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4. Improve your diet.

A healthy diet can combat depression. If you are losing appetite, it is advisable to take multivitamin drugs or fruits to improve your appetite. Never skip meals. Eating thrice a day is encouraged. It is also advised to stay dehydrated. Add enough veggies and fruits to your diet and do away with carbonated drinks and junk. Avoid excessive weight loss or weight gain.

5. Enjoy having quality rest and sleep time.

Good sleep can improve your mental health. Never neglect your body when it needs sleep or rest. Learn to take a break from work. Have a scheduled time for going to bed at night and waking up in the morning; make it a routine to sleep and wake at the same time every day. It will make you fall asleep or wake up easily. Put off every work or activity an hour before you go to be at night. When you wake up in the morning take a glass of water and do a brief walk around the house; this will aid metabolism. Avoid or limit caffeine in your diet as it makes it difficult to fall asleep. In conclusion, there is no one that is immune to depression. It can be managed or eliminated entirely when the sufferer takes the necessary steps. People who suffer from depression need all the support they need from all quarters – family, friends and the government. Source: Wikipedia
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This article was first published on 16th August 2021


Nnaemeka is an academic scholar with a degree in History and International Studies from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He is also a creative writer, content creator, storyteller, and social analyst.

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