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  Nigeria’s national symbols, like the flag, coat of arms, and anthem, are important because they represent the country’s identity and values. Let’s take a look at each one and what they mean.
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  1. Flag

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The Nigerian flag has three vertical stripes green, white, and green. The green stripes represent Nigeria’s lush forests and agricultural wealth, while the white stripe symbolizes peace and unity among the diverse ethnic groups in the country.
  1. Coat of Arms

The coat of arms features a black shield with a wavy white pall, symbolizing the meeting of the Niger and Benue Rivers. On the shield are two horses supporting an eagle, which represents strength and dignity. The eagle stands on a scroll that reads “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress,” Nigeria’s national motto.
  1. Nigeria National Anthem

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The Nigerian national anthem, “Arise, O Compatriots,” is a patriotic song that encourages Nigerians to unite and work together for the common good. It celebrates the country’s rich history, and diverse culture, and hopes for a bright future.
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These national symbols are used on official documents, government buildings, and during national events like Independence Day celebrations. They remind Nigerians of their shared heritage and inspire pride in their country. In addition to their symbolic significance, these national symbols also serve practical purposes. The flag, for example, is used to identify Nigerian ships, aircraft, and embassies abroad. The coat of arms is used on official government documents and currency, while the national anthem is played at important events to honour the country and its people.
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Final Thoughts

Nigeria’s national symbols are more than just colourful designs and catchy tunes – they are powerful representations of the country’s identity, values, and aspirations. They remind Nigerians of their shared history and inspire them to work together towards a better future.
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This article was first published on 6th April 2024 and updated on April 9th, 2024 at 10:04 pm


Chidiogo Shalom Akaelu holds a degree in English and Literary Studies, from the University of Nigeria. She is a freelance writer, editor and founder of Loana Press, a budding online publishing outlet.

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