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Technology’s capacity to foster growth and development is more apparent than ever. In that, the influence of technology cannot be overstated, from streamlining routine tasks to creating ground-breaking solutions. Tech has been extensively adopted throughout generations, and there is still an expectancy for it to meet future needs.


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Growing demand for qualified technologists exists due to how prevalent technology has become. According to a report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, from 2021 to 2031, it is anticipated that overall employment in computer and information technology occupations would increase by 15%, substantially faster than the average for all occupations. This increase is anticipated to result in the creation of around 682,800 new jobs during the decade. Many are putting in a lot of effort to maintain their position in the future and avoid becoming obsolete. This involves continuing personal training through online learning resources, giving back to the community, participating in tech forums, and attending conferences that expose one to the various facets of the tech industry.

The Gap in the Industry

However, there is now competition across industries for these abilities due to the demand for tech skills. The technology skill gap caused by this competition must be closed to keep the sector prospering. With the development of new technologies, workers’ contributions have been affected by the move toward machine learning, robotic engineering, artificial intelligence, cloud services, and decentralized operations.

The difference between what people can do and what employers expect them to be able to do is known as the skills gap. If an employee just knows how to program, yet a technology job requires internet networking and programming language knowledge, there is a skills gap. Due to this gap, businesses find it challenging to fill open positions. The employee can get better at this by developing the talent they lack.


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Therefore, these new concepts must be acquired and mastered to supply adequate services. Many tech professionals have been compelled to learn new ideas, hone their already-existing talents, and take on more challenging tasks to advance their careers because not all of them are knowledgeable in these new tech disciplines.

Tech industry benefits Individuals

Due to the numerous benefits offered to employees, such as competitive pay, flexible work schedules, health insurance, skill development, paid parental leave, and job security, the tech industry is still enticing, hence, a growing number of people have transitioned into IT from non-technical backgrounds. Nowadays, many people do online training and obtain certifications to equip them with the knowledge they need to thrive in their employment. This is being done now to protect the future, even though it was rarely done in the past. Others have pursued their interests while working for tech companies without necessarily being “in IT”. The ease of entrance into the tech industry offers insight into how the industry is changing. Many IT experts are willing to work remotely from their homes.

Skills for the Future

Hard and soft skills are two fundamental skills essential to delivering maximum performance in the tech industry. Hard skills are frequently knowledge-based talents exclusive to particular professions, whereas soft skills are frequent and value-based skills unrelated to particular employment.

Hard skills include, among others:

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Machine Learning (ML)
  • Data science
  • Data analytics
  • Data visualization
  • User Interface/Experience (UI/UX)
  • Software engineering
  • Cloud computing
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Cybersecurity
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Technical research and writing

Several Soft skills include;

  • Communication skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Team player skills
  • Mentorship skills
  • Work Ethic
  • Empathy
  • Networking skills etc.

    Future skills are those abilities that empower people in solving challenging problems when situations evolve yet in an organized manner. It comprises hard, soft, transferable, and other innovative skills. These abilities are essential for the coordination of formal activities. Some are innate that need to be cultured, while others can be formed through a learning process. They include; Creativity, Decision making and good judgment, Digital literacy and Computational thinking, Cognitive thinking, Collaboration, Management, Cultural Intelligence, Financial Intelligence, Emotional intelligence, Automation etc.

    In addition to primary training, these abilities are necessary for working in multi-functional teams. Not every skill must be mastered to succeed.

    Emmanuel Otori has over 9 years of experience working with 100 start-ups and SMEs across Nigeria. He has worked on the Growth and Employment (GEM) Project of the World Bank, GiZ, Consulted for businesses at the Abuja Enterprise Agency, Novustack, Splitspot and NITDA. He is the Chief Executive Officer at Abuja Data School

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    This article was first published on 23rd September 2022

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