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The kidneys are very essential organs in the human anatomy. They are a pair organs located in the back of the abdomen. Each kidney measures about 4 or 5 inches long and they are bean shaped. In order to keep your kidneys functioning properly always, you have to consciously do the following things below recommended by professional medical practitioners. 1. Drink adequate water: Drinking plenty of water helps keep the kidney working properly. It is advisable to drink at least 240ml of water a day for optimally functioning kidneys. 2. Do not delay urination: It is good to drink plenty of water but make sure you urinate regularly. If you are in the habit of holding back urine, it will eventually damage your kidneys. 3. Do not consume too much salt: Salt is found almost in all foods. Consuming too much of it can damage one’s kidneys and make the heart work harder. The daily salt intake should be within 6g per day. 4, Do not abuse pain killers: Using analgesics for a very long time may reduce the flow of blood and affect the functioning of the kidney. You should learn to rest instead of taking pain killers, and use analgesics only when it is really necessary. If you have been on pain killers for a long time, it’s advisable you take a test to check if your kidneys are in good condition.  5. Eating too much meat: Eating too much meat and protein is simply more work load for the kidney in the metabolic process. It is advisable that protein intake should be 0.8g/kg per day. It means a person who weighs 50kg should consume 40g of protein per day. Consumption of meat on a daily basis should be within 300g.  6. Stop or reduce alcohol consumption: To reduce the risk of kidney failure it is advisable to limit the consumption of alcohol, as too much of it may cause deposition of uric acid in the renal tubules, which can cause tubular blockage and increase the risk of kidney failure.   About the author: Solomon Eko is a writer, photopreneur/photojournalist/photo-artist. He is also a creative content consultant. You can find him on and You can also find him on Facebook as Solomon Eko or follow him on Twitter @vonekoz  

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This article was first published on 30th December 2014 and updated on January 1st, 2015 at 9:44 am

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