The Hausa dominate most of what we refer to as Northern Nigeria, as well as parts of Niger, Cameroun, Benin Republic and Ghana. They are Nigeria’s largest ethnic group, with recent estimates putting their population at almost 30 million (1). The fact that the Hausa language has been the preferred language for trade across northern Nigeria for centuries has led to its adoption by smaller ethnic groups in the region as a second language. Some of these groups have actually been swallowed up by the slow but steady advance of the Hausa influence.
The origin of the Hausa is very closely connected to the fraternization that has taken place between indigenous groups and waves of settlers over a period that probably spans thousands of years. As is the case with other ethnic nationalities in Nigeria and across the world, the Hausa possess myths handed down through generations which purport to account for their existence as a people. By far the most popular is the Bayajidda story. It recounts the coming into northern Nigeria of a prince from the East (some identify him with the royal house of Baghdad in what is now Iraq). He came to the aid of the people of Daura by killing a snake which had prevented them from fetching water from the town well. The queen of Daura married him because of his heroics, and they bore a child called Bawo. This child, according to legend, was the ancestor of seven core Hausa states, as well as seven peripheral states (not necessarily Hausa, but heavily influenced by contact with the core-Hausa) (2).
It is not the custom of Historians trained in the art of analyzing accounts like the Bayijidda legend to take it as it is. The story has been dissected by the experts, who seek clues for a possible reconstruction of early Hausa history. One scholar says that the story is probably a simplified myth, and connects the coming of an “eastern prince” to northern Nigeria to waves of Berber migrations from farther north (North Africa), which he says occurred between AD650 and AD1100. These immigrants mixed with the indigenous population, while bringing their more advanced civilization to bear in such aspects as architecture, monarchic systems, and possibly matriarchy (3). But like the Bayijidda myth, this doesn’t give a conclusive answer to the question of origin. Where did these “indigenes” come from?
Researchers have turned to linguistics, archaeology and regional geography for answers. The Hausa language is known to be closely related to the Fulani, Kanuri and Shuwa Arab in Nigeria, the Mandinka and Soninke in Mali and the Senegambia (4). The ethnic groups which speak these languages are believed to have a common origin. A second interesting hint is related to the change in the climate of the Sahara, which was a lush savannah about 7,000 years ago. A combination of climate science and archaeological research has revealed that settlements demonstrating a surprisingly advanced civilization existed in that area at that time. When the region grew increasingly arid, the population in the area moved further south into the present savannah belt of West Africa (5). It seems likely that the forerunners of the Hausa arose from this original population, as did many other ethnic groups in countries such as Ghana, Cameroun, Benin, Niger, Chad, Ivory Coast, Mali and Senegal.
The difficulty faced by historians in determining the origin of the Hausa may be seen as a testament to their ability to assimilate other groups by influencing them culturally. It is this strength that has enabled them to grow into a formidable entity whose language is the second most widely spoken indigenous African language.
- Johnston, H.A.S. (1967), The Fulani Empire of Sokoto. Oxford University Press, 312p. http://www.webpulaaku.net/defte/hasJohnston/ch01.html
- Miracle in the Sahara: Oasis Sediments Archive Dramatic History. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/new-sahara-research-the-lakes-of-ounianga-a-900518.html
You might also like:
- Chief Subomi Balogun: The Nigerian Banking Legend
- Who Built Lagos?: A Short History
- Nigerians In History: Muhammad Rumfa
- Nigerians In History: Babban Zaki
You said it all about hausa, but recent development connect it with kindom of auxom(Axom) of Habesha(Ethiopia), and you can see the culture etc look for hawwasa
The hausa trace their history to a line of queens decended from a group of immigrants from canaan who settled in Egypt for a long time before travellinv the sahara and ending up in lake chad. This is what the legend says. Linguistics and science of DNA have now proved this. Search this on youtube “how the chadic people divide nigeria in two”
Hausa is not close to fulani or kanuri, it is an afroasiatic language that belongs to the chadic group. It is more closer to Berber and Arabic. Fulani on the other hand is a niger congo language having more in common with yoruba and Igbo. This came as a shock to me as well considering the cultural similarities between the hausa and fulani. Noemally one will think fulani is close to hausa but isnt. The hausa people trace their origin to line of queens decended from a group of immigrants from Canaan who moved to Egypt and then after mang years travelled through the sahara and ended up in the lake chad. Bayajidda was just an event that happened in Daura long after the hausa people have established themselves. However his childrem became kings of the hausa city states and ruled over them.
Hello Dan Abba,
Thank you for engaging with the article. I’m glad you found it worth commenting on.
As for the connections between the Hausa and the other major ethnicities in Northern Nigeria, please see the reference given in the section of this article you’ve referred to.
It’s also worth noting that no significant genetic links between the Hausa and Semitic groups (such as the ancient Canaanites and modern Arabs) have yet been established. As such, any talk of such links remain, at best, just speculative.
Thank you again for engaging with the article. We appreciate your feedback!
Hausas are already settled themselves before bayajidda or someone else.
I followed your reference, it does not make a 30 million estimation, the source says 29% of Nigeria’s population not west Africa. And Nigeria’s population stands at 180 – 200 million. There are more than 150 million hausa along the historical trans-sahara route, Kano – Tripoli. And Bayajida was not the origin of hausa people. His son Bawo gave birth to seven children that founded the seven hausa states.
Thank you for your response.
It’s worth noting a few things about this article and its refrence:
1. It was written in 2016, when the country’s population was under 180 million people.
2. The reference mentions Hausa-Fulani, which clumps both the Hausa and Fulani groups together.
3. The 29% mentioned in the reference would make the Hausa-Fulani the largest ethnic group in Nigeria; that’s what was referenced. The percentage wasn’t used, for the reason given in (2) above.
4. As for Bayijida, the article doesn’t speak with definitiveness about his being ancestor of the Hausa. It merely makes a reference to a version of the popular myth. Nevertheless, if Bawo was ancestor of the Hausa, it would still make Bayijida,his familial forbear, an ancestor as well.
Thanks a lot for reading.
cialis 20 mg https://cialiswithdapoxetine.com/# – cialis dosage
Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!
Hi Deаr, are you truly visiting this site regularly, if so then you will definitely take nice knowlеԁge.
Major thankies for the post.Thanks Again. Will read on…
cialis professional Do not give tadalafil tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have
If an interview is needed, the county human services office may priligy tablets price
Tadalafil is in a class of medications called phosphodiesterase inhibitors best place to buy generic cialis online
Thermal blankets may cause danger to specialist will die cialis 20mg price Demographics of the 237 subjects 228 caucasians included in the ISA of pooled single-dose parameters from 13 studies are summarized in Table 1 , along with demographics specific for three of these studies and for the multiple-dose study
buy clomid online No Virilization in Women.
PMID 34875736 Free PMC article. tamoxifen drug class People with AIDS are particularly prone to various cancers caused by viruses – Karposi s sarcoma, cervical cancer and lymphomas.
zooepidemicus, we find that there is a very long way to go before the complete picture delineating individual factors governing the bacteria host interactions between S. side effects of doxycycline
A woman who is taking hormonal contraceptive should have a yearly visit with her healthcare provider for a blood pressure check and for other indicated healthcare lasix prescription HCC is considered to be a tumour which is highly resistant to agents attacking DNA
real cialis online T3 had the hair loss occurring after rapid pace seen in various additional stimulants
Bauer, 280 Ga queen of england stromectol com 20 E2 AD 90 20Viagra 2050 20Mg 20Durata 20 20Effet 20Jus 20Pamplemousse 20Viagra effet jus pamplemousse viagra After the Knicks face Milwaukee in Green Bay on Wednesday, Woodson said only Smith is Гў a possibilityГў among that trio to play in FridayГў s preseason finale against Charlotte at the Garden
In the presence of fulvestrant, all cells died after 2 weeks buy priligy
However, these agents are contraindicated in premenopausal women cost of tamoxifen
lasix im injection MicroRNA mediated restoration of tamoxifen sensitivity in triple negative breast cancer through modulation of estrogen receptor alpha beta ratio using Myrothamnus flabellifolius abstract
You could cеrtainly see your skills in the articⅼe уоu write.
The world hoрes for even more passionate
writers like y᧐u who aren’t afraid to sɑy hoᴡ they believe.
All the time go after your heart.
Post menopausal bleeding is another frequent symptom; some post menopausal women with EP on hormonal therapy may also have episodes of breakthrough bleeding fastest place online to order clomid
4, consistent with the increased severity of ischemia after genetic deletion of eNOS Fig 3 stromectol over the counter usa Cutting WC, Rytand DA, Tainter ML Relationship between blood cholesterol and increased metabolism from dinitrophenol and thyroid
doxycycline 100 mg for sale Accordingly, AZD8055 was more potent against the proliferation of MCF 7 R cells than that of parent cells, which was accompanied with down regulation of HSPB8
ItвЂ™s a well-known fact Chick-fil-A employees are renowned for good manners and kind interactions with customers, but one Florida employee took his… Playing online Poker in Philippines is as easy as it gets. All you need is a reliable internet connection and with all Casinos, be it online or live, controlled and monitored closely by the PAGCOR, you can be rest assured that there is no way you will be scammed. Here at Top Online Casino, weвЂ™ve put together an overview of online gambling in the Philippines for you. Regardless of what your skill level is, weвЂ™ve got something for everyone. Stick around to learn more about real money online casinos and what they have to offer. Then get your gambling journey off to a start with one of our recommended gaming platforms! We also love IgnitionвЂ™s fast-paced Knockout Poker tournaments that put a cash bounty on every player. Buy-ins on this range anywhere between $3.30 to $162, making it a little easier to afford to get in on this free-for-all. http://casilandobonus523.wpsuo.com/online-gambling-apps-for-iphone The Instant Cash Signup Bonus amount is Rs.50. To Get this Bonus no need to anything. It is a Free Signup Bonus. Login Daily & Get Rs.10 on Daily. When you make a first deposit, the poker room adds a separate bonus account (also in the cashier section) with your bonus money in it. As you play, this bonus money is released step by step into your main account. After you receive the instant bonus, you will be receive a 100% bonus up to $1,000. This bonus will be in your “pending bonus” account and be released as you earn Bodog poker points. This part of the bonus is released in different increments as shown on the table below. Poker bonuses are also worth considering when perusing poker websites to play at. Solid deposit bonuses give players an excellent opportunity to take home some extra bonus money while extending their gameplay.
玩家只需要在赌场官网主页面上注册并首次存款，即可开始投注。 经查:2019年6月底至2019年12月16日期间,被告人王某、张某、林某甲、林某乙同他人在福州市永泰县樟城镇日出东方小区一套房内使用电脑及手机,以手机微信软件为媒介,为参赌人员在“聚宝盆”“金冠娱乐”等27款赌博软件内提供上下分服务,从中收取服务费非法牟利。 “佘智江”这个名字对大众来说比较陌生，更广为人知的是他的另一个名字—“佘伦凯”。根据《财新》杂志2020年的调查报道，佘智江自2012年起开始在菲律宾开设面向中国人的私彩平台、网赌网站等，被国内列为逃犯。2017年1月，佘智江获得了柬埔寨公民身份，将名字改为Tang Kriang Kai——“佘伦凯”。此次更名后，佘智江开始塑造自己“光鲜”的社会身份，摇身一变成了东南亚侨领、企业家、慈善家，在多个华人商会中担任名誉主席、荣誉会长等。据《财新》统计，当时佘伦凯的商会头衔至少有11个。 https://edgarixkz986531.bloggazza.com/15945218/神-來-也-麻將-網頁-版 对不起校长,我觉得你的百分百胜率符文已经不适合我了 Copyright © 2022 Powered by Bitpie ptt,比特派下载app sitemap 百家樂馬丁公式特别是自COVID-19大流行以来，社交疏远给进行此类感官试验和消费者测试带来了巨大挑战。仿生舌将在早期阶段极大地有助于提高开发效率并减少制造商对人体试验的依赖。 KENMAX® Z Tactical Headset PTT Walkie Talkie Outdoors Military Accessories Tactical Headset PTT Push to Talk for 1 Pin Motorola Radio 2000年8月12日，俄罗斯的库尔斯克号潜艇事故是冷战后著名的潜艇艇难，事故原因是由于潜艇装备鱼雷故障在艇内爆炸造成，造成118名全部艇员阵亡。 優質代理推薦：卡利 DG 2000年8月12日，俄罗斯的库尔斯克号潜艇事故是冷战后著名的潜艇艇难，事故原因是由于潜艇装备鱼雷故障在艇内爆炸造成，造成118名全部艇员阵亡。
ordering tamoxifen and clomid styplon methocarbamol for period cramps The queen, The Duke of Edinburgh, The Prince of Wales, The Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Harry and members of both families have been informed and are delighted with the news, the statement said
The presence of an SFRP regulated gene network was also conserved in mouse mammary tissues Fig fertility drugs clomid
propeciahelp B Kaplan Meier plot and significance of the risk score shown for 141 training set cases
Identification of osteoporosis at the time of a hip, spine or other fragility fracture is imperative so that patients with fragility fractures can be evaluated for secondary causes of osteoporosis and treated with osteoporosis medications for their underlying bone disease buspirone female viagra dosage
stromectol canada buy 5 mg than megestrol acetate 23 vs 14 months; P
NTP 10th Report on Carcinogens clomiphene for men side effects He said I have to take something because if the cancer comes back I would only last about 2 years
In addition, fallopian tube cancer has not been reported following bilateral prophylactic salpingo oophorectomy buy cialis online using paypal
The smartwatch market is still a very long way from maturity, so appealing directly to developers in order to make sure ordinary users can get apps and customisations is critical at this stage order cialis online PMC free article PMC4170888 PubMed 20091647
1996; 21 6 353 5, 383 comprare lasix Kemp A, Preen DB, Saunders C, Boyle F, Bulsara M, Malacova E, Roughead EE 2014 Early discontinuation of endocrine therapy for breast cancer who is at risk in clinical practice
lamina propecia In patients with a new diagnosis of cancer, an increasing CHADS 2 score was predictive of thromboembolism only in patients with baseline AF and not in those patients with new onset AF, though it did correlate with increasing mortality in the latter population 1
whats clomid used for Comes in nine different forms, but myo- inositol MI and d- chiro- inositol DCI are the most relevant for women s reproductive health
She underwent right mastectomy, following which capecitabine was started 1 stromectol 3mg
Cinaciguat BAY 58 2667 improves cardiopulmonary hemodynamics in patients with acute decompensated heart failure how to take stromectol CONTAINS B VITAMINS AND ANTIOXIDANTS Natural Ingredients to Support Healthy Ovulation and Egg Quality DELIVERS 2 GRAMS OF MYO- INOSITOL INCLUDES MYO- INOSITOL, FOLATE, AND MELATONIN CONTAINS METHYLFOLATE, the Active Form of Vitamin B9 Folic Acid, Which Has Been Shown to Prevent Neural Tube Birth Defects, Such as Cleft Palate and Spina Bifida INCLUDES ALPHA LIPOIC ACID, CoQ10, VITAMIN E, and GRAPESEED EXTRACT Antioxidant Nutrients That Help Neutralize Free Radicals COQ10 GIVES FERTILIZED EGG CELLS THE FUEL THEY NEED Implanting, Dividing, and Maturing Requires Tremendous Cell Energy
1 and 17 patients assigned observation 9 azithromycin for chlamydia Ovasitol is best taken with food
No effects on soft tissue metastases were observed in immunocompromised mice, and differences in antitumour response did not correlate with musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma MAF, macrophage capping protein CAPG, or PDZ domain containing protein GIPC1 GIPC1 expression how much does cialis cost
buy cialis canada pharmacy Parental epilepsy, anticonvulsant drugs, and reproductive outcome Epidemiologic and experimental findings spanning three decades 2
Focus on your mindfulness based practices non prescription cialis online pharmacy
Zagat badges and curated lists are also now integrated into search results, so you can quickly spot expert approved places cheapest cialis This is why it s important to control estrogen first, and prolactin second
Although other methods of evaluating cell death are available, LDH release is a reliable biochemical indicator of cell death amenable to the large number of cultures used in these studies order fertility pills online
Eye examination includes testing visual fields for deficits, and funduscopic examination should check for papilledema 30 mg accutane from canada online These samples were collected at baseline and day 10 for full blood count and glycaemia
Jules, USA 2022 05 29 03 54 01 cialis 20mg for sale
The ongoing Mechanisms of Diuretic Resistance Study should help elucidate how best to discriminate etiologies of diuretic resistance thc and viagra
43 Reduction of an inguinal hernia can be facilitated by placing the patient in the Trendelenberg position, applying ice to the affected area, and providing analgesia and muscle relaxation generic cialis Every type of medical procedure or intervention has the possibility of side effects, including hormone therapy
I visited various sites but the aaudio quality for audio songs present
at tthis site iis actuially marvelous.
Cellulitis associated with mammalian bite wounds is often polymicrobial and should be treated empirically with antimicrobials that target anaerobic bacteria in addition to the common cellulitis pathogens, as described below cialis 10mg
canadian pharmacy cialis Clostridium difficile infections are among some of the most challenging to treat
Консультация у психолога
I simply could noot ggo awaay your websitte beforee suggesting that I extremely enjoyed
the standafd info a pwrson supply in yiur guests?
Is going tto be ack regularly to inspect new
I like thе valuable info you ргovide on your articⅼes.
I will bookmark your blog and tеst again rigһt һere
regularly. I’m quite certain I will be informed many new stuff proper
right here! Good luck for the folⅼowing!
Я думаю, что сохраняют благополучие те, чей образ
действий отвечает особенностям
времени, и утрачивают благополучие те, чей образ действий не отвечает своему
времени. Психологичные фильмы.
Ничто не истощает себя так,
как щедрость: выказывая ее, одновременно
и теряешь возможность ее выказывать, и либо впадаешь в бедность, вызывающую
презрение, либо, желая бедности избежать, разоряешь других, и этим навлекаешь на себя ненависть.
Между тем презрение и ненависть подданных – это то, чего государь должен
опасаться больше всего, щедрость же ведет
к тому и другому. Поэтому больше
мудрости в том, чтобы, слывя скупым,
стяжать худую славу без ненависти, чем в том,
чтобы, желая прослыть щедрым и оттого
невольно разоряя других, стяжать худую славу и ненависть разом.
Джон уик 4 фильм 2022 смотреть онлайн бесплатно в хорошем качестве
Смотреть мультсериал джеки чан