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  According to sleep scientist, sleep is vital to the rest of the human body. Inadequate sleep can put one’s health at risk of high blood pressure, migraines, seizure, and depression or even alter memory.
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Sleep disorder can also trigger poor metabolism, create a prediabetic condition, irritability mood swing, depression, and risk of infection. Experts have affirmed a strong connection between health and sleep. Sleep experts have recommended between 7 and 8 hours of sleep per night for a healthy adult. Sleep disorders include insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome and narcolepsy. Inability to have quality and sufficient sleep can be caused by many factors which include:

Work Schedule

Following the complication of work in an era of global economic meltdown, employees are at the receiving end of employer minimal input for maximum gain. Most night workers may have to battle with sleep timing especially if they run shifting. The body may find it difficult to adjust to specific sleep time.

Drug Intake

Older people often complain of sleeping disorder. This has mostly been traced to specific drug use, which in some cases alter their sleep pattern. Some prescribed drugs can affect sleep temporally but may regulate after the completion of the dose. Observation has reviewed some specific cases of continuous sleep disorder after the completion of the dose.

Drug Abuse

The taken of an unprescribed drug, underdose or overdose can affect your sleep. Using unprescribed sleeping pills can alter quality sleep. The use of prescribe sleep aid should be taken under medical supervision. Nicotine, caffeine and alcohol can also alter quality sleep.
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The body is design to react or respond to stress. Stress becomes negative when there is a strong feeling of worry or anxiety. A perpetual heightened state of alertness caused by stress can delay the onset of sleep. Inadequate sleep can cause further stress, family pressure, work ethics, peer influence or lifestyle can build negative stress which can prevent quality sleep.

Poor Time Management

Recent studies have found that bedtime can make a difference in your sleep hours. Those who sleep late could have difficulty in sleeping long enough. Like the good old saying “Early to bed, early to rise”. Inconsistent sleep time can affect your sleep quality.

Environmental Condition

The state of your environment internally or externally can affect sleep. Bed comfort, light temperature, noise or electronic distractions hinder the ability to get adequate and quality sleep.

Food Choice

Research in one study has attributed food choice as a factor that affects sleep. Eating too much sugar, less fibre, more saturated fat can hinder quality sleep. Aside from the choice of food, eating a heavy meal close to bedtime can interfere with the body’s process of winding down for sleep. Drinking too much water before bedtime can necessitate frequent urinating which will continually interrupt your night sleep. Featured Image Source: John Tesh
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This article was first published on 18th December 2020


Wale Haastrup has joint honours degrees in Human Kinetics and Health Education. He is a professionally certified Grade 2 Coach in Athletics and Training and a formal team fitness and conditioning manager of a rugby club. Wale's experience spans close to two decades as a sports teacher, fitness/sports coach and consultant. He is a member of sports management professional bodies and has been published in several academic journals. Wale is presently concluding his doctorate degree in Sports Administration and Management at the University of Lagos. He is passionate about Nigeria and strongly believes that Jesus mentors and inspires him.

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